Pastoral Sharings: "18th Sunday in Ordinary Time"

WeeklyMessage Homily from Father Alex McAllister SDS
Eighteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time
August 3, 2014 

You might not agree with me, but I think that it is a pity that in our Lectionary we do not
have much longer extracts from the Gospels!

So often on a Sunday we have read to us wonderful 
stories  about the life of Jesus or one or other of his miracles and yet they are mostly presented to us as isolated incidents 
completely out of context.

Today we have a good example in the feeding of the Five Thousand. On its own it is a marvellous account of one of the greatest and most attested to miracles. But to put it in context is to open up whole new layers of meaning and depth.

I say that this is one of the miracles most attested to because it is recorded in all the Gospels and astonishingly twice in the Gospels of Mark and Matthew.

Today we have the account from Chapter 14 of Matthew but there is another account of what is essentially the same miracle in Chapter 15. In today’s version there are five thousand men with five loaves and two fish and in Chapter 15 we find four thousand men with seven loaves and a few fish.

If you are looking for historical evidence for a multiplication of loaves then six accounts of it in the pages of the New Testament surely ought to be enough to satisfy you!

There are two approaches often taken in relation to these miracles. One takes a reductionist view and downplays the miraculous content altogether in order to say that the real miracle was to get the people to share their food with one another.

We ought to put this out of our minds straight away for it reduces one of Christ’s greatest miracles to the level of the merely trivial.

The other approach often taken by scholars is to heighten the importance of the symbolism stressing the numeric significance of the five loaves, the two fish and the twelve baskets, etc. Again if you go down this road then the simple fact of the miracle is easily lost.

Now while clearly there are strong symbolic elements in the story we mustn’t let them get in the way of what actually occurred. You don’t generally find six accounts of nothing! Symbols are fine but they must be connected to an actual event and it is on that we must focus.

But what about the context I mentioned earlier? Well, Chapter 14 begins with Matthew’s account of the banquet at which John the Baptist was executed. This was an old-style royal banquet of the worst kind.

Herod is there with his cronies enjoying the best food and drink the kingdom has to offer. There is debauchery, arrogance, rivalry and scheming; and the upshot of all this is that the head of John the Baptist is triumphantly brought in on a plate.

This paragraph ends and the next one opens with our text today and has Jesus going to a lonely place. But finding himself followed by the throngs of people he takes pity on them and feeds them in a miraculous meal drawn from five loaves and two fish. All are satisfied; they are fed both physically and spiritually and there was an astonishing amount left over.

What a difference! Matthew sets these two banquets beside each other precisely in order to make this contrast between a banquet presided over by a worldly, brutal and selfish king and the banquet of a loving and generous Saviour to which the poor are invited. He is deliberately making a direct contrast between the values of this world and the values of the Kingdom of God.

Herod’s squalid banquet does nothing for anyone, least of all Herod who comes out of it with a guilty conscience. All who participate in that banquet come out the worse for it; except perhaps the one reluctant guest, John the Baptist.

For him it meant the crown of martyrdom. It meant the fulfilment of his role. He died knowing that he had completed his task and paved the way for the Saviour of the World.

But this is not the only context in which this wonderful miracle is set. If we look back into the Old Testament we find the great prophet Elisha performing something very similar in the Second Book of Kings. He has only twenty barley loaves but he satisfies the hunger of one hundred men.

Matthew’s readers would have been familiar with this incident and of course understood that however great the prophet Elisa was Christ is in a different league altogether.

That’s looking back into the pages of the Old Testament, but we must also look forward to the Last Supper to which the Feeding of the Five Thousand also alludes. There are clear Eucharistic references in the text such as Jesus taking the bread raising his eyes to heaven, blessing it, breaking it and giving it to them. This miracle is clearly therefore a foreshadowing of the Last Supper.

We who are familiar, as Matthew’s readers also were, with the frequent celebration of the Eucharist realise that what happened in the Upper Room is multiplied throughout the world and down the ages.

The bounty of God, the great outpouring of his love, the constant nourishment that he gives us is not restricted to that lonely place by the Sea of Galilee or within that Upper Room in Jerusalem. It reaches out to us now in the sacrament we celebrate this morning and connects us to him in an unbreakable bond of love.

In reflecting on the Feeding of the Five Thousand we look back to the time of Elisha and we look forward to the Last Supper and find definite resonances. But it goes beyond this for, as with everything Christ does, it refers also to the Kingdom which will come into its fullness at the end of time.

Just as Elisha’s miracle foreshadows Jesus’ miracle in Galilee, and it in turn foreshadows the Last Supper, the Eucharist we now celebrate; so this in turn foreshadows the Banquet of Heaven. Actually not foreshadows it, but already enables us to begin to participate in it.

You can see now something that can only be described as a great crescendo building up over the centuries which will come to its fulfilment on the Last Day. And this breathtaking crescendo is a tremendous up-swell of goodness, truth, beauty, generosity and self-sacrifice.

It is a wave of love that wants to catch up all of humanity and bring it to its fulfilment in God.

That simple meal on the side of the lake did not simply fill the bellies of those five thousand people; it was a sign of the Kingdom. It was a token of God’s love for us. It was a pledge of his promise to open for us the way to eternal life.
http://www.catholicwealdstone.org/wordpress/?p=1744

SaintJohnChurchMiddletown.com

Digest of Articles from Catholic Blogs and Websites
August 3, 2014

Eighteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Year A—August 3, 2014
Today, Jesus has pity on a vast, hungry crowd; the miracle He performs has profound Eucharistic meaning.

Gospel (Read Mt 14:13-21)

Our reading begins with a description of Jesus’ response to the news of the death of John the Baptist: “He withdrew in a boat to a deserted place by Himself.” Surely He had withdrawn to mourn in solitude the martyrdom of His cousin, whom He had once described as the greatest man born of woman (Mt 11:11). John died at the whim of people who refused to listen to the prophet’s call to repentance (read Mt 14:1-12). A fancy birthday party, in a palace filled with guests and fine food, ended in the death of the precursor to the Messiah. Upon hearing this, Jesus heads for a place as far from a scene like that as He can get, a “deserted place.”
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Eighteenth Sunday: The Culture of Life
The Gospel reading for this Sunday begins with Jesus hearing the news of the death of John the Baptist, murdered, as you know, by Herod as part of the plot of his wife, Herodias,  to protect her position at court.  You know the story. Herod had been riveted by John the Baptist’s prophecy and had been listening to the Baptist’s condemning Herod’s present marital situation.  Herod had met up with his brother Philip in Rome and fallen in love with Philip’s wife.  He then divorced his own wife, Phasaelis, daughter of a King Aretus of Nabatea, and stole his brother’s wife. Most likely, she changed her name to Herodias.
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Eighteenth Sunday in Ordinary Time, Cycle A
Gospel Matthew 14 : 13 – 21

Place our sufferings, disappointments and cares into the hands of Jesus, and he will work great marvels in our lives. This is not merely a nice saying meant to give comfort to someone during a time of distress, it is the reality of God’s care for us in every aspect of our lives. In the Gospel for today this can be seen in how Jesus deals with the news of John the Baptist’s death, the multitude that sought him out and His concern for providing food for the crowd.
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Sharing in God’s Eternity
When I was young, even three and four years old, I used to cry at night thinking about death and eternity. It was a feeling as if the wind has gotten knocked out of me and a huge weight was being pressed upon me. Even now, a feeling of terror can come over me when I think of eternity in relation to time. How can our lives which are so limited and passing endure forever? Forever itself seems to be an insolvable puzzle that twists the minds in knots. If I think of eternity, just sheer eternity, it makes me want to crawl under a rock and hide!
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Solomon’s Wisdom: On the Necessity of Reading the Old Testament
Once I had dinner with another priest.  As we were eating we talked about the Bible.  “I preach the same homily every weekend,” he said. “Really?” I asked.  “And how are your collections?” While we were at it, he justified himself by declaring that it was no longer necessary to preach on the Old Testament. “Why do we need to talk about that dusty old book anymore? Jesus nullified it. Every word of it. End of story. Leave it on the shelf. Or use it as a doorstop or as a paperweight.”
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How God is Present in Us
We have taken it for granted that God, then, is present somehow in the soul by grace. We have now to con­sider what sort of a presence this really is. Do we mean absolutely that God the Holy Spirit is truly in the soul Himself, or do we, by some metaphor or vague expres­sion, mean that He is merely exerting Himself there in some new and special way? Perhaps it is only that, by means of the sevenfold gifts, He has a tighter hold on us and can bring us more completely under the sweet dominion of His will.
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Stained Glass and the Book of Revelation
Most Catholics are unaware of the fact that our traditional church buildings are based on designs given by God Himself. Their designs stretch all the way back to Mount Sinai, when God set forth the design for the sanctuary in the desert and the tent of meeting. Many of the fundamental aspects of our church layouts still follow that plan and the stone version of it that became the Jewish Temple in Jerusalem. Our traditional church buildings also have numerous references to the Book of Revelation and the Book of Hebrews, both of which describe the heavenly liturgy and Heaven itself.
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What Do We Mean By Full of Grace?
Hail Mary, full of grace.

The words are beautiful, angelic, and rich in meaning. They are also a centuries-long fault line between Protestants and Catholics. Everything, it seems, hangs upon what is meant by full of grace, or whether full of grace is even the correct translation of Luke 1:28. In Latin, the phrase becomes two words: plena gratia. In the original Greek, it’s just one, the phonetically unwieldy but potent in meaning verb, kecharitōmenē.

The case for the Catholic reading of this is not only far more compelling than Protestant critics will let on, but also far stronger than many Catholics today probably realize.
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The Heavens Declare the Glory of God
This is the famous first line of Psalm 19 – a lovely sentiment that poses a serious question: Do the heavens really declare the glory of God?  Is meaning something out there in the world?  Or is meaning merely something in me – something I create in my mind, a sort of mental varnish I paint on the world rather than a breath of fresh air I take in from it.
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Five Ways to Sanctify Your Day
We all live busy lives, rushing to work, running errands, and navigating rush hour traffic. With all the busyness, it’s hard to live a prayerful life and be mindful of God’s presence, even if we want to. But ultimately, quietness comes from within,  and incorporating holy habits into our lives can help us keep recollected in the midst of all the noise and chaos of the modern world.

Here are five simple ways to slow down and live a more peaceful and prayerful life.
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Reverence Please… Jesus is Present!
Our teenagers just came back from a Steubenville Retreat. They are fired up. They have had a palpable sense of the presence of Jesus and the Holy Spirit. Then they come to Mass in the parish and that feeling begins to ebb away. Why? Why doesn’t every single Mass remind us and fill us with a sense of God’s real presence? I think there are two reasons and two clear things that we all can do to change this dynamic.

The answers I am talking about are REVERENCE and ATTENTION.  The first one has to do with how we all treat the House of our Lord. Too often we begin to talk out loud even during the final song. We call to a friend across the aisle. We bring the secular into God’s house by talking to each other without reference to where we are and how we should behave.
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Ten Reasons to Rejoice
St. Paul exhorts us in his letter to the Philippians to rejoice, not just once but twice:  “Rejoice in the Lord; I say it again: rejoice in the Lord.” (Phil. 4:4).  Pope Francis’ Apostolic exhortation reiterates the same theme—“The Joy of the Gospel”.  St. Francis de Sales remarks on spiritual progress commenting that after sin the worse thing is sadness.  St. Ignatius agrees, warning us that when we are in a state of desolation—that is to say sadness and discouragement—that is the moment that we are a prime target for the fiery arrows of the devil.
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Wisdom – A Matter of Give and Take
I for one never expected to find nuggets of wisdom in a training book for high school wrestlers. Yet one coach seemed to know as much about human and spiritual development as he did about takedowns and pins. His book was sprinkled with wise sayings that have stayed with me over the years. One, attributed to an anonymous source, goes like this:
“The main reason why people fail instead of succeed is that they trade what they most want for what they want at the moment.”
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All That Really Matters is How Much You Love Jesus?
When I resigned from my position as an Anglican priest one of the ladies in the parish was very upset.

She couldn’t figure out the point of my decision.

“Surely!” she cried, “All that really matters is how much we love Jesus?”

This is the response from many non-Catholics when faced with the doctrinal claims of the Catholic church.

In some ways they are right. How much we love Jesus is the most important thing, but that’s where the discussion begins, not where it ends.
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Demonic Infection and Victory Over Sin
Is there a demonic element to seemingly ordinary human problems?

Sometimes.

While full blown demonic possession is rare, it is much more common for souls to be troubled by what might be called “demonic infection”...
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When I Used to Say: God, I Don’t Know What You Are
When it first started to happen, it made me anxious. I had been through my doubting, socialist phase. I had battled a serious illness. I had returned to the Catholic Church. I should have been settling into a quiet, normal life.

But then it would happen. I’d be lying in bed late at night, or looking at the ocean or even walking down the street, and the thought would come into my mind: I don’t know what you are..
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La Nigrita, Showing The Everyday Beauty of Miracles
I don’t remember who it was who encouraged me to start talking to my guardian angel. It was certainly after I became Catholic, because prior to that I would have laughed out loud in the face of such a blatant absurdity. The only reason I was open to this idea of talking to my angel was because of a book I had read, clarifying that angels were not, in fact, fat little winged babies.

I started to think of my angel as a peer, though I know they are far above humans in intellect. The challenge was not to elevate an angel higher than God, so I started thinking of my angel walking beside me. When I heard the old adage (new to me because I had not been raised Catholic) that the angels finish any rosary that’s started, I began to get a picture of a special kind of intimacy with my angel. “Does he know what I’m thinking?” I wondered.
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Shouldering the Weight of the World – Commentary on the witness of families
On Nov. 11, 1993, a date worth remembering, Pope John Paul II slipped on a newly installed piece of carpeting in the Hall of Benedictions atop the atrium of St. Peter’s Basilica. He fell down several steps and, though in pain, did not lose his mental equilibrium. In an attempt to reassure his concerned onlookers, he said, “Sono caduto, ma non sono scaduto” (I have fallen, but I have not been demoted).
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Catholic Dads Must Read Scripture!
Jesus was a master teacher, the greatest teacher who has ever lived, for He is the Only Son of God. There can be no human teacher who can approach the wisdom of Jesus Christ.

One might say with certainty that the Bible is the greatest textbook ever written, for in it is absolute Truth, written throughout the minds and hands of men who were inspired by an actual encounter with God Himself. The Bible is the Source of the Wisdom of God, documented and preserved by the Catholic Church. The New Testament has its source in the actual teaching of Jesus during the Incarnation, preserved orally by Christ’s hand-picked Apostles and eventually written down with the guidance of the Holy Spirit (for more on this, read from the Catechism of the Catholic Church sections 101-137).
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The Five Stages of Persecution
Seeing the rise of persecution against Christians in Iraq, the far East and Africa, Mgr Pope has a great archived article here on the five stages that precede outright persecution. Can it happen in the USA – land of religious freedom? Mgr Pope observes the five stages.
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The Fundamental Option: A Pernicious Choice
In the theological turmoil that followed the Second Vatican Council, the theory of the “fundamental option” is among the most pernicious developments. Fundamental option separates specific moral actions from a more general – fundamental – orientation of life. It holds, therefore, that specific sins do not bear on the status of one’s soul, or on the destination of one’s soul after death. All that matters for salvation, in this view, is that one “fundamentally” lives for God rather than evil.
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My answers to questions about gay “marriage”
Have a seat, this is a long one. Here is a list of the questions I come across most often, with my brief answers:

-1-

“Why are you against gay marriage?”

It’s not that I am against gay “marriage” per se, it’s that gay “marriage” is an ontological impossibility. It’s like asking why I am against square circles. Marriage has an essence, a meaning. It has always been a certain kind of union of persons, specifically a conjugal union rooted in biology itself; it is complementary and heterosexual by its very nature. The particulars of marriage contracts have varied over time and cultures, but the essence of male/female has not. Brides have always presupposed grooms.
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‘Amazing Parish’ movement unites clergy, laity in renewal
Denver, Colo., Jul 29, 2014 / 02:06 am (CNA).- A new movement seeking to unite the faithful and their pastors in the formation of thriving parishes has seen a wide scope of interest throughout the U.S. in the time since it was started little more than a year ago.

“The response has been great,” Pat Lencioni, one of the founders, told CNA.

The Amazing Parish movement seeks to give Catholic leaders, both clergy and lay, the resources and support they need to create strong, fruitful parishes.
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